Understanding Acronyms

You may come across the following acronyms or abbreviations as you research infertility, or see them noted on your paperwork. We hope this quick reference list helps you decipher the “medical shorthand.”

2WW: 2 Week Wait
ACA: Anti-cardiolipin Antibody
ACTH: Adrenal Carticotropic Hormone
AH: Assisted Hatching
AHI: At home insemination
AI: Artificial/Assisted Insemination
AIH: Artifical insemination from husband
AMH: Also known as anti-Müllerian hormone (the best predictor of a woman’s ovarian reserve)
ANA: Anti-nuclear Antibodies
AOA, AVA: Anti-ovarian Antibody
APA: Anti-phospholipid Antibodies
APTT: Activated Partial Thrombo Time
ART: Assisted Reproductive Technology
ASA: Anti-sperm Antibody
AWOL: A Woman On Lupron
BBT: Basal Body Temperature
BCP: Birth Control Pills
Beta: HCG pregnancy test
BFN: Big Fat Negative
BFP: Big Fat Positive
BT: Balanced translocation
B/W, b/w: Bloodwork
C#: Cycle number
CAH: Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
CASA: Computer-assisted Semen Analysis
CBAVD: Congenital Bilateral Absence of Vas Deferens
CCCT, CCT: Clomiphene Citrate Challenge Test (Clomid Challenge Test)
CD: Cycle Day
CF: Cystic Fibrosis
CM: Cervical Mucus
CMV: Cytomegalovirus
COH: Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation
CP: Cervical Position
CVS: Chorionic Villae Sampling
D&C: Dilation & Curettage
D&E: Dilation & Evacuation
DE: Donor Eggs
DES: Diethylstillbestrol (synthetic estrogen)
DHEAS: Dihydroepiandrosterone Sulfate2
DI: Donor Husband
DIPI: Direct Intra-peritoneal Insemination
DOR: Diminished Ovarian Reserve
DPO: Days Post-Ovulation
DPR: Days Post-Retrieval
DPT: Days Post-Transfer
DP3DT: Days Post 3-Day Transfer
DP5DT: Days Post 5-Day Transfer
Dx: Diagnosis
E2: Estradiol
EB, EMB: Endometrial Biopsy
ENDO: Endometriosis
EPT: Early Pregnancy Test
ER: Egg Retrieval
ET: Egg Transfer
ETA: Embryo Toxicity Assay
ETF: Embryo Toxicity Factor
EW, EWCM: Eggwhite Cervical Mucus
FBG: Fasting Blood Glucose
FET: Frozen Embryo Transfer
FI: Fasting Insulin
FHR: Fetal Heart Rate
FP: Follicular Phase
FM: Fertility Mucus or Fertility Monitor
FRED: Fertility Response Early Detection (Brand Name)
FSH: Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
GC: Gestational carrier
GD: Gestational Diabetes
GI: Gastrointestinal
GIFT: Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer
GnRH: Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
GP: General Practitioner
GTT: Glucose Tolerance Test
HbA1c: Glycosylated Hemoglobin (also called Glycohemoglobin)
hCG, HCG: Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
hMG, HMG: Human Menopausal Gonadotropin
HCP: Health Care Practitioner
HEPA: Hampster Egg Penetration Assay
HPT: Home Pregnancy Test
HRT: Hormone Replacement Therapy
HSC: Hysteroscopy
HSG: Hysterosalpingogram
HX: History
IBT: Immunobead Binding Test
ICI: Intra-cervical Insemination
ICSI: Intra-cytoplamic Sperm Injection
IF: Infertility
IGTT: Insulin and Glucose Tolerance Test
INCIID: International Council on Infertility Information Dissemination
IM: Intramuscular injections
IOR: Immature Oocyte Retrieval
IR: Insulin Resistant
ITI: Intra-tubal Insemination
IUGR: Intra-uterine Growth Retardation
IUI: Intra-uterine Insemination
IVC: Intra-vaginal Culture
IVF/ET: In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer
IVF: In Vitro Fertilization
IVIg: Intravenous Immunoglobulin
LAD: Leukocyte Antibody Detection Assay
LAP: Laparoscopy
LH: Luteinizing Hormone
LIT: Leukocyte Immunization Therapy
LMP: Last Menstrual Period (start date)
LP: Luteal-Phase
LPD: Luteal-Phase Defect
LSP: Low Sperm Count
LUF, LUFS: Luteinized Unruptured Follicle Syndrome
MAI: Miscarriage after Infertility
MC, m/c: Miscarriage
MESA: Microsurgical Epidiymal Sperm Aspiration
MF: Male Factor
MMR: Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
NEST: Non-surgical Embryonic Selective Thinning
NK: Natural Killer Cells
NORIF: Non-stimulated Oocyte Retrieval In (office) Fertilization
NSA: Non-Surgical Sperm Aspiration
OB: Obstetrician
OC: Oral Contraceptives
OD: Ovum Donor, Ovulatory Dysfunction
OHSS: Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
OPK: Ovulation Predictor Kit
OPT: Ovulation Predictor Test
O, OV: Ovulation
OW: Overweight
P4. Prog: Progesterone
PAI-1: Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1
PAF, PANFERT: Pregnancy After Infertility
PCAO: Polycystic Appearing Ovaries
PCO: Polycistic Ovaries
PCOD: Polycistic Ovarian Disease
PCOS: Polycistic Ovarian Syndrome
PCT: Post Coital Test
PESA: Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration
PESAL: Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration
PG: Pregnant
PGD: Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis
PI: Primary Infertility
PID: Pelvic Inflamatory Disease
PIO: Progesterone In Oil
PLI: Paternal Leukocyte Immunization
PMS: Pre-menstrual Syndrome
PMN: Perinatal Mortality
POF: Premature Ovarian Failure
PROM: Premature Rupture of Membranes
PTSD: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PZD: Partial Zona Dissection
RE: Reproductive Endocrinologist
R-FSH, R-hFSH: Recombinant Human Follicle Stimulating Hormone
RI: Reproductive Immunologist
RIP: Reproductive Immunophynotype
ROS: Reactive Oxygen Species
RPL: Recurrent Pregnancy Loss
RSA: Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion
RSM: Recurrent Spontaneous Miscarriage
RX: Prescription
SA: Semen Analysis
s/b, S/B: Stillbirth
SCORIF: Stimulated Cycle Oocyte Retrieval
SHG, SonoHSG: Sonohysterogram
SI: Secondary Infertility
SIS: Saline Injection Sonogram
SLE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
SPA: Sperm Penetration Assay
SPALS: Subsequent Pregnancy After a Loss Support
S/S: Signs/Symptoms
STD: Sexually Transmitted Disease
SubQ: Subcutaneous Injection
SUZI: Sub-zonal Insertion
T1: Type 1 Diabetic – Juvenile Diabetes
T2: Type 2 Diabetic – Insulin Resistant, Adult Onset
T4: Thyroxine
TEBG: Testosterone-Estradiol Binding Globulin
TDI: Therapeutic Donor Insemination
TEBG: Testosterone-Estradiol Binding Globulin
TESA: Testicular Sperm Aspiration
TESE: Testicular Sperm Extraction
TDI: Therapeutic Sperm Extraction
TET: Tubal Embryo Transfer
TL: Tubal Ligation
TORCH: Toxoplasmosis, Other, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus & Herpes Test
TNF: Tumor Necrosis Factor
TR: Tubal Reversal
TRH: Thyroid Releasing Hormone
TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
TTC: Trying To Conceive
TTCAR: Trying to Conceive After Reversal
TX: Treatment
TZD: Thiazolidinediones
URL Urologist
US: Ultrasound
UTI: Urinary Tract Infection
V: Vasectomy
VR: Vasectomy Reversal
WBC: White Blood Count
WHR: Waist to Hip Ratio
WLS: Weight Loss Surgery
WNL: Within Normal Limits
ZIFT: Zygote Intra-fallopian Transfer